T-Mobile US mmWave 5G


Deutsche Telekomwatch
This release
: #80
February 2019: 44pp
Releases/year: 10+
Click for more details of this release

Executive brief

Group

Deals: DT pulls plug on Albania [p.6]

  • A taster for wider portfolio rejig?
  • Table: DT “principal subsidiaries” and their affiliates

People [p.11]

  • Table: people movements

Supply Chain: DT pushes back against anti-Huawei forces in Europe [p.15]

  • Keep calm and carry on
  • Mixed messages from Germany
  • Hurricane Huawei continues to gather force
  • America first (Huawei last)

Germany

Legal and Regulatory: TDE treads warily into 5G auction [p.21]

  • 5G investment under threat
  • Table: Not playing by the BNetzA rulebook: Kopf rounds on the regulator
  • Dommermuth makes his move
  • DIY 5G

TDE gets a boost in in-building broadband battle [p.26]

  • TDE responds

Europe

Greece: EETT reviews spectrum bands for 5G [p.30]

  • Table: Deutsche Telekom's Europe spectrum agenda FY19-20

Hungary: MT progresses automotive-flavoured 5G testing [p.32]

  • Ericsson vs Huawei: MT yet to commit

Slovakia: ST ties with Ericsson on massive MIMO trial [p.34]

USA

Network: TMUS looks high and low for 5G spectrum [p.37]

  • 600MHz on the move
  • Sprint is the key to TMUS' 5G high jump

Further reading

Index

A

Africa 13

Albtelecom 7

Alphabet

 - Google 13

  -- Android 41

Americas

 - Brazil 12

 - Canada 18

 - North America 11, 12

 - United States of America (USA) 8, 13, 17, 18, 19, 22, 35, 36, 38, 42

  --  Commerce Department 18

  --  Department of Justice (DoJ) 15, 18, 19

  --  Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 19, 37, 42

  --  States

   ---   Washington 18

Asia-Pacific 11

 - Australia 17, 18, 35

 - China 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 23, 40

 - India

  --  Licence Circles

   ---   Himachal Pradesh 31

 - Japan 18, 19

 - Malaysia 35

 - New Zealand 18

 - Singapore 35

AT&T 10, 12, 38

B

Beta Film GmbH 28

Bigtincan Holdings 39

Brand Finance 10

BREKO 27, 41

British Standards Institute (BSI) 17

BT Group 8, 17, 18, 40

 - EE 8, 18

Bundesliga 28

C

CeBIT 14

Comcast Corp. 13

Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States 19

Cosmote Romanian Mobile Teleco. SA (see OTE/DT) 8

D

Daimler AG 9, 25

 - Mercedes-Benz 10

Dennis Publishing 12

Deutsche Telekom 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 25, 27, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 37, 39, 40, 41

 - Corporate

  --  Headquarters 14, 15, 17, 19

 - Deutsche Telekom Capital Partners

  --  Next Generation Enterprise Network Alliance (ngena) 10

 - Europe 6

  --  Austria 7, 8, 11, 17

  --  Bulgaria (see OTE) 7

  --  Croatia (Hrvatski Telekom) 8, 31

  --  Czech Republic 7, 8, 11, 17, 35

  --  Greece (see OTE) 30

  --  Hungary (see Magyar Telekom) 7, 8, 11, 32, 35, 41

    ---   International Carrier Sales & Services (ICSS) 11

  --  Montenegro (see Magyar Telekom) 8, 11

  --  Netherlands 7, 8, 13, 17

  --  Poland (Polska Telefonia Cyfrowa/PTC) 7, 8, 17

  --  Romania (see Cosmote Romania/OTE) 8

  --  Slovakia (Slovak Telekom/T-Mobile) 7, 8, 34, 35, 41

  --  UK (EE) 8, 18

 - Executives

  --  Ewaldsson, Ulf 13

  --  Hartmann, Jens 12

  --  Höttges, Timotheus 17, 22

  --  Kopf, Wolfgang 21

  --  Legere, John 19, 38

  --  Ray, Neville 13, 38

  --  Rekasi, Tibor 32

  --  Tsamaz, Michael 7

  --  Tsybulskaya, Dina 11

 - Germany 8, 9, 15, 16, 17, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28

 - Goingsoft 9

 - Investments

  --  Magyar Telekom (see separate) 7, 8, 11, 32, 33, 35, 41

  --  OTE (see separate) 6, 7, 8, 11, 30, 41

 - Products and services

  --  T-Mobile TV 39

 - Systems Solutions

  --  T-Systems 8, 9, 11, 12, 32, 35

 - South Africa 11

 - Telekom Security 12

 - Toll4Europe 9

  --  Toll Collect 9

 - USA 7, 8, 11, 13, 15, 18, 19, 37, 38, 39, 42

Drillisch AG 24, 41

E

Ericsson 11, 13, 17, 19, 33, 34, 35, 38, 42

Eurobank 6

Europe

 - Albania 6, 31, 40

 - Austria 9, 11, 31

 - Bulgaria 7

 - Croatia 31, 41

  --  Hrvatska Agencija za Postu i Elektronicke Komunikacije (HAKOM) 31

 - Czech Republic 7, 31

 - Finland 10

 - Germany 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 31, 38, 40, 41

  --  Bundesnetzagentur (BNetzA, or German Federal Network Agency) 22, 24, 25, 26, 27

  --  Bundesnetzagentur für Elektrizität, Gas, Telekommunikation, Post und Eisenbahnen (BNetzA, RegTP, FNA, or German Federal Network Agency) 22, 26, 41

  --  Government 9

 - Greece 7, 11, 30, 40, 41

 - Hellenic Telecoms and Post Commission (EETT) 30

 - Hungary 7, 31, 32, 33, 35, 41

 - Macedonia 11, 31

 - Montenegro 7, 11

 - Netherlands 12, 31

 - Poland 9, 11, 15, 31, 40

 - Portugal 11

 - Romania 7, 8, 31, 40

 - Scandinavia 10

 - Serbia 7

 - Slovakia 7, 31, 34, 35, 41

 - Sweden 10, 13, 17, 34

 - Switzerland 12

 - Turkey 10

 - Ukraine 8

 - United Kingdom (UK) 8, 10, 12, 13, 18, 35

  --  British Standards Institute (BSI) 17

European Union 15, 18, 30, 35, 40

F

Forthnet 11

France Télécom

 - Orange 10

 - UK (see EE, DT) 8, 18

FreeMove Alliance (DT-FT-Telia Company-TI) 10

G

Global M2M Assocation (GMA) 10

Goldman Sachs 8

Green Party 9

H

Hewlett-Packard 31

Hitachi 13

Hrvatski Telekom (see DT, Croatia) 8, 31

Huawei Technologies 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 23, 33, 35, 40

I

Intel 37, 38, 42

L

Liberty Global

 - UPC Austria 7

Liberty Global Inc.

 - UPC Broadband 7

M

Magyar Telekom (see DT) 7, 8, 11, 32, 35, 41

 - Macedonia (Makedonski Telekom/T-Mobile) 7, 8, 11

 - Montenegro (Crnogorski Telekom) 8, 11

 - Romania

 - Combridge 8

 - T-Systems Hungary 11, 32, 35

Major League Baseball 42

Market segments

 - Machine-to-machine (M2M) 14

 - Mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) 24

 - Multinational corporations (MNCs) 10

Middle East 13

 - Iran 18

N

Nokia 17, 19

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) 15, 18

Novatel Wireless 8

NTT 12

O

Open Handset Alliance (OHA)

 - Android 41

OTE (Hellenic Telecom. Org. SA, see DT) 6, 7, 8, 11, 40

 - Bulgaria (Globul) 7

 - Cosmote 8, 30

  --  Albania (Telekom Albania) 6, 8, 40

 - Greece 30

 - Romania 8

Tsamaz, Michael 7

P

PPF Group 7

Premiere AG 40

Q

Qualcomm 35, 37

S

SAP 12

Siemens AG 25

Sky

 - Sky Deutschland 28

Slovak Telekom (see DT, Slovakia) 7, 8, 34, 35, 41

SOFTBANK CORP. 19

Sprint Corporation 15, 19, 38, 40

Swisscom 12

T

Technology

 - 2.5G 38

 - 2G 14, 38

 - 3G 14, 31, 35

  --  Evolved HSPA (HSPA+/I-HSPA)

  --  MIMO 34, 35, 41

 - 4G 14, 16, 18

  --  Long Term Evolution (LTE) 35

 - 5G 11, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 37, 38, 40, 41, 42

 - Fibre 23, 26, 27

 - FTTH 26, 27

 - LTE Advanced 35

 - M2M 14

 - mobile TV 42

 - Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) 14

 - OpenStack 12

 - OTA 35

 - RAN 17, 23

 - R&D 11, 34

 - SIM 14

 - Smartphone 18

 - Spectrum 21, 30, 31, 37, 38, 41

  --  700 MHz 30, 31, 35, 38

  --  800 MHz 31

  --  2100 MHz 30, 31

  --  2300 MHz 30

  --  2600 MHz 31

  --  3500 MHz 31, 35

  --  Advanced Wireless Spectrum 37

 - VDSL 26

 - Vectoring 41

 - WAN 10

 - W-LAN 9

Tele2 7, 31

 - Netherlands 7

Telefonica Group 22

Telekom Austria

 - Austria

 - A1 31

Telekom Srbija a.d. 7

Telia Company 10

Twitter Inc. 39

U

UEFA 28

United Internet 21, 24, 41

V

Value-added services 10, 24

Verizon Communications 10, 38

 - Verizon Wireless 38

VINCI Group

 - Cofiroute, S.A. 9

Vivacom (BTC) 6

Vodafone 7, 10, 18, 22

 - Europe Region

  --  Albania 7

  --  Germany 22

Volkswagen AG 25

X

Xumo 39

Z

ZTE Corp. 16, 18

  • NatCo continues to prep 5G layer cake; gears up for more mmWave spectrum.

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) completed an auction of millimetre wave (mmWave) frequency rights in the 28GHz frequency band, although it was unclear how much spectrum T-Mobile US (TMUS) had secured control over. The FCC will only announce the 28GHz winners once a coming 24GHz auction, scheduled to start on 14 March 2019, is wrapped up.

What is clear is that the 28GHz auction was a relatively low-key affair. A total of 2,965 licences were awarded, which reeled in $702m (EUR614m) – a far cry from the multi-billion dollar auction bonanzas of 2015 and 2017, involving AWS-3 and 600MHz spectrum (Deutsche Telekomwatch, #41 and #62). The 28GHz auction was limited in the markets that were available”, said Brian Goemmer, President of spectrum tracking company Allnet Insights & Analytics.

By contrast, Goemmer reckons the 24GHz auction could raise between $2.4bn and $5.6bn, noting that “virtually nationwide spectrum” will be available in the 24GHz auction. Even so, there is still work to be done in developing the 24GHz ecosystem if it is to catch up with more advanced product development at 28GHz. “24GHz chipsets aren’t just lying around”, one analyst noted wryly, to Light Reading. US chipset heavyweights Intel and Qualcomm have not yet elaborated on their 24GHz intentions.

600MHz on the move

Elsewhere, as TMUS continues to build up its multi-layered 5G spectrum platform, the NatCo claimed to have conducted the world’s first 5G data and video call across 600MHz airwaves. The call was performed in collaboration with Ericsson and Intel. During the tests, the teams apparently generated a 5G signal capable of covering more than 1,000 square miles from a single tower.

The test was not just focused on lower-band 600MHz frequencies. With an eye on commercial rollout of mmWave spectrum as part of a multi-band 5G strategy, TMUS said it managed a tri-band 5G video call with three users on different spectrum ranges: 600MHz, 28GHz, and 39GHz. There was no mention of data speeds achieved over the respective bands, although mmWave-based 5G connectivity – delivered over shorter distances – should be higher than at 600MHz.

There was a sense from the latest 600MHz announcement that TMUS thought its proposed merger with Sprint was little more than a formality, despite persistent “America First” noises agitating against the coming together of two businesses that are essentially German (TMUS) and Japanese (Sprint). “The New T-Mobile, when approved”, said TMUS breezily, “will provide 5G to customers on multiple spectrum bands, including low-band, mid-band, and mmWave, to ensure the benefits of 5G can reach everyone”.

Neville Ray, Chief Technology Officer at TMUS, grandly described the merger as “key to America’s global competitiveness in 5G. Ray estimated that the New T-Mobile network will cover almost two thirds of the US population with speeds of more than 100Mbps by 2021, and then reach almost 90% of the population by 2024. “The other guys can’t even come close anytime soon, and they’ll need to work hard to catch up”, he added.

Sprint is the key to TMUS’ 5G high jump

If the TMUS-Sprint merger does get the regulatory go-ahead, then its claim of being able to roll out “broad and deep nationwide 5G coverage” has merit. TMUS is pursuing a multi-band 5G strategy, using 600MHz and 700MHz to underpin nationwide rollout, and higher frequencies to increase indoor coverage and capacity. TMUS claims to already control 200MHz of airwaves across the 28GHz and 39GHz frequency bands. A weakness is an absence of mid-band spectrum in sub-6GHz categories – but this is something a Sprint acquisition would fix, owing to its 2.5GHz holdings. “While the other guys [AT&T and Verizon Wireless] focus on 5G mmWave on a handful of blocks in a handful of cities, we’re building 5G for everyone, bragged John Legere, Chief Executive at TMUS.

Walter Piecyk, a BTIG analyst, thought that TMUS’s arsenal of low-band spectrum put it in good 5G stead, regardless of whether or not the Sprint merger went ahead. “[TMUS’] deep and unused low-band spectrum should enable it to launch real 5G before all of its peers”, Piecyk said. “[TMUS] should therefore be considered a primary 5G investment opportunity for investors whether their acquisition of Sprint is approved or not”, he added.

Image: T-Mobile US

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