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Deutsche Telekomwatch
This release
: #78
December 2018: 56pp
Releases/year: 10+
Click for more details of this release

Executive brief

Management update

Q3 FY18: Bullish DT seeks to leave struggling peers in dust [p.6]

  • Made in America, but Europe starting to get involved upstream
  • Table: Deutsche Telekom, financial summary, Q3 FY18
  • Figure: DT net debt development, FY14-FY18 (EURbn)
  • Another uprating in earnings
  • Table: Deutsche Telekom, Europe area revenue by territory (adjusted), Q3 FY18
  • The costs of aggression

Group

Deals: FT hints at BT-DT deal on the QT [p.12]

  • BT down the list of DT global domination plans…

DT doesn't dance to EC tune in the Netherlands

People [p.15]

  • Table: People movement highlights
  • Partner/supplier people movement highlights

Group Development: Comfortcharge makes low-powered debut [p.19]

  • DT seeks to socket to them

Technology & Innovation: 5G tests at Hamburg port going swimmingly [p.21]

  • Group ties with Airbus to explore inflight media-sharing

Germany

Strategy: Höttges: no progress in United Internet talks [p.26]

  • Friends could be re-United, but only after 5G squabble is patched up

Network: TDE turns to Facebook for 'advanced' network planning [p.30]

  • Facebook digs deeper into ecosystem mix
  • Pole dancing in Berlin

Supply chain: DT ties with Huawei under scrutiny in Germany [p.33]

  • We've got it covered, says Höttges
  • Security Innovation Lab opened up

Systems Solutions

Legal and regulatory: T-Sys SA ends court battle with state-owned Transnet [p.36]

  • Disengagement begins

Operations: T-Sys lands in Indonesia [p.38]

  • Optimisation elsewhere

USA

Deals: 'America First' noises get louder against TMUS-Sprint [p.41]

  • Protection or protectionism?
  • Legere sanguine, Son edgy
  • TMUS extends Sprint ties to PCS spectrum
  • Closer -- merger, or no merger

Partnerships: TMUS readies Un-Bank launch [p.47]

Products and services: TMUS ties success of '5G TV' to Sprint merger [p.48]

  • TV on standby

TMUS updates call-blocking services

  • TMUS first to adopt new STIR/SHAKEN standards

Further reading

Index

A

AAA 37
ADC 36, 37
Africa
 - South Africa 53
  --  Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) 37
Algorithms 31
Alphabet
 - Google 17
  -- Android 51
Amdocs 17
Americas
 - Brazil 17, 38
 - United States of America (USA) 6, 8, 17, 23, 24, 33, 34, 40, 42, 43, 46, 49, 51, 53
  --  Commerce Department 43
  --  Department of Justice (DoJ) 42
  --  Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 42, 43, 49, 51
  --  government 51
  --  Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC) 45, 47, 53
  --  States
    ---   Kansas 46
    ---   New York 43, 46
    ---   Washington 46, 49
Apple
 - iOS 51
 - iPhone 43
Asia-Pacific
 - Australia 33, 34, 39, 53
 - China 33, 34, 42, 43, 53
  --  Government 34
    ---  Beijing 34
 - India 17
 - Indonesia 38, 39, 53
 - Japan 38, 42, 43
 - Singapore 38
Atos 22
AT&T 42, 51

B

BMW 20
British Standards Institute (BSI) 34
BT Group 12, 13
 - Openreach 12

C

Choice (Australia) 41, 42
Cisco Systems 18
Comcast Corp. 9, 51
 - NBCUniversal, LLC
CNBC 53
Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States 42
Covata 39
CTIA 51

D

Daimler AG 20
Deutsche Bahn 24
Deutsche Telekom 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 34, 38, 39, 42, 43, 45, 46, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52
 - Corporate
  -- Headquarters 6, 19, 20, 24, 32, 33, 34, 53
 - Deutsche Telekom Capital Partners
  --  Telekom Innovation Pool 20
   ---   Comfortcharge 19, 20
 - Europe
  -- Austria 10
  -- Croatia (Hrvatski Telekom) 16
  -- Hungary (see Magyar Telekom) 16
  -- Netherlands 10, 14
  -- Poland (Polska Telefonia Cyfrowa/PTC) 17
 - European Aviation Network 24
 - Executives
  --  Andrasi, Judit 16
  --  Blankenburg, Dido 27
  --  Dannenfeldt, Thomas 7
  --  Gievska, Slobodanka 16
  --  Gopalan, Srini 10
  --  Höttges, Timotheus 6, 13, 14, 26, 34
  --  Illek, Christian 7
  --  Jacobfeuerborn, Bruno 20, 52
  --  Kaymer, Ingo 17
  --  Legere, John 43, 46
  --  Molefe, Dineo 37
  --  Pohlink, Claudia 16
  --  Pruchnow, Johannes 27
  --  Schumann, Sebastian 16
  --  Sievert, Mike 48
  --  Wössner, Dirk 9
 - Ex-executives
  --  Munhoz, Ideval 17
  --  Werner, Rolf 17
  --  Germany 9, 20, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32
 - Investments
  --  Magyar Telekom (see separate) 16
  --  OTE (see separate) 13
 - Product and Innovation
  --  Telekom Innovation Laboratories (T-Labs) 16
 - Products and services
  --  Business Marketplace 16
  --  immmr 16
  --  QIVICON 16
  --  T-Mobile TV 48
 - Systems Solutions 7, 17, 35, 53
 - T-Systems 6, 16, 17, 21, 24, 36, 38, 39, 53
  --  South Africa 36, 39, 53
 - Telekom Security 39
 - Technology
  --  5G
  --  haus 22
  --  Toll Collect 8
 - USA 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 17, 34, 41, 42, 43, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53
Dialogue Communications 16
Dido 27
Drillisch AG 27

E

EADS
 - Airbus 23
eBay
 - PayPal 20
EchoStar Communications Corp.
 - Dish Network 42
Emblaze Group
 - European Telecom 16, 24
Energous Corporation 24
Europe
 - Albania 13
 - Austria 10, 17
 - Croatia 10
 - Czech Republic 10, 38
 - France 52
 - Germany 7, 8, 9, 16, 17, 19, 20, 25, 26, 27, 30, 33, 34, 39, 42, 43, 52, 53
  --  Bundesnetzagentur für Elektrizität, Gas, Telekommunikation, Post und Eisenbahnen (BNetzA, RegTP, FNA, or German Federal Network Agency) 27, 52
  --  Government 20
 - Greece 10
 - Hungary 10, 38
 - Italy 6, 22, 38
 - Netherlands 10, 14, 52
 - Poland 10, 17, 38
 - Romania 10, 16
 - Serbia 13
 - Slovakia 10
 - Spain 38
 - Turkey 41, 42
 - United Kingdom (UK) 13, 17
  --  British Standards Institute (BSI) 34
European Telecommunications Network OperatorsE Association (ETNO) 16, 24
European Union 22, 24, 52
 - European Commission 14, 21, 24, 45
EWE
EWE Tel 26, 27

F

Facebook 30, 31, 32, 53
 - Telecom Infra Project 22, 31
Ford Motor Company 20
 - Jaguar 17
France Télécom 12
 - Orange 13, 18
Fraunhofer Institute 32
Fujitsu 17

G

Gartner Group 37
Global Transit Solutions, LLC 17
GSM Association
 - Mobile World Congress 19
GSM Association (GSMA) 24

H

Hamburg Port Authority 21
Hitachi 17
Hrvatski Telekom (see DT, Croatia) 16
Huawei Technologies 22, 32, 33, 34, 42, 43, 53

I

Inmarsat 24

K

KPN 13, 14

L

Land Rover 17
Liberty Global
 - UPC Austria 8, 10
Liberty Global Inc.
 - UPC Broadband 8, 10
Lufthansa 24

M

Magyar Telekom (see DT) 16
 - Macedonia (Makedonski Telekom/T-Mobile) 16
 - T-Systems Hungary 16
MetroPCS Communications Inc. 45
Microsoft 39
Middle East
Saudi Arabia 41, 42, 43

N

Nokia 21, 22

O

Open Handset Alliance (OHA)
 - Android 51
OTE (Hellenic Telecom. Org. SA, see DT) 13
 - Cosmote
   --  Albania (Telekom Albania) 13

P

Portugal Telecom 39

Q

Qatar Telecom (Qtel) 12
Quantenna Communications 28

S

Samsung 22
SAP 17, 38
Satelindo 39
SK Telecom 24
SOFTBANK CORP. 41, 43
 - Son, Masayoshi 41
Sprint Corporation 6, 8, 34, 41, 42, 43, 45, 46, 48, 49, 53
Symantec 39

T

Technology
 - 2G
  --  GSM 24
 - 4G
  --  Long Term Evolution (LTE) 45, 46
 - 5G 6, 7, 8, 16, 21, 22, 24, 26, 27, 30, 33, 34, 48, 49, 52, 53
 - Fibre 26, 27, 30, 31, 32
 - FTTH 30, 32
 - GPS 32
 - IP 16, 31
 - IPTV 48
 - MMS 17
 - mobile TV 48, 49
 - OTA 24
 - R&D 16, 34
 - RF 24
 - Smartphone 49
 - Spectrum
   --  Advanced Wireless Spectrum 45
 - W-LAN 24, 28
Tele2 10, 14, 52
 - Netherlands 10, 14
Telecom Italia 22
Telefonica Group 18
Telekom Slovenije
 - ONE 50
Telekom Srbija a.d. 13
TeliaSonera 13
Transnet 36, 37, 53

U

United Internet 26, 27, 52
 - 1&1 Internet 27
 - Versatel 27

V

Verizon Communications 42, 45, 51
 - Verizon Wireless 45
Vodafone 16, 17, 18
 - Europe Region
   --  Romania 16
   --  UK 17
Volkswagen AG 20

W

Wipro 17
Worldpay Group 12

Z

ZTE Corp. 33, 34, 42, 43

  • German NatCo trials Facebook ‘connectivity analytics’ to cut down time and cost of network rollout.

Vincent Gongue, Product Management Lead for Facebook Connectivity Data Science Products, revealed that the hyperscaler had been experimenting with Telekom Deutschland (TDE) on a suite of Facebook-developed network planning tools, with a view to covering a “dense urban area” in Berlin.

Gongue indicated the trial was a simulation exercise, rather than a field deployment.

TDE provided Facebook with geographical and network data to ‘connect‘ 25,000 apartments within 1km2. The task was to plot delivery of “maximum coverage” of at least 1Gbps via a mix of fibre-to-the-home and wireless-to-the-home (FTTH/WTTH) technologies, using Facebook’s Advanced Network Planning tools. Gongue said this goal was achieved, coupled with a minimum guarantee of 100Mbps on the downlink.

There was no clear indication if the trial had future 5G rollout specifically in mind, or which WTTH technologies were put through their theoretical paces.

Facebook digs deeper into ecosystem mix

In a blog posted on Facebook’s website, Gongue fleshed out more detail on Facebook’s thinking behind its Advanced Network Planning and Actionable Insights tools. He emphasised the importance of smart deployment. “In our work with operators, internet service providers, and device makers we aim to find new, more efficient ways to deploy and maintain mobile network infrastructure”, he said.

A key part of the smart deployment approach is to analyse usage information from sources like Facebook, as well as population density maps and light detection and ranging (LiDAR) or satellite imagery. LiDAR is an optical remote-sensing technique that uses laser light to densely sample the surface of the earth, which purportedly produces highly accurate ‘x‘, ‘y‘, and ‘z‘ measurements. “We are able to help the ecosystem better understand the state of connectivity”, claimed Gongue.

Algorithms are then developed to minimise the cost of expanding network coverage by helping operators do things more quickly and efficiently, such as planning fibre builds while ensuring the network is reliable. Gongue added that Advanced Network Planning was launched with a “handful of partners” earlier in 2018, and that initial results have been promising.

“In developed markets, creating networks for the future requires a high number of network nodes to ensure the system can handle higher bandwidth traffic such as video streaming. Advanced Network Planning focuses on making the planning process faster, cheaper, and better designed to meet people’s needs. For example, it can help operators decide where to use fibre or alternatives for backhaul connectivity, or where to place cell towers to effectively connect the most people. ” – Gongue.

Pole dancing in Berlin

Analysis of street lighting infrastructure, and how best to leverage it for network deployment, is a key part of Advanced Network Planning. It played a significant part in the Berlin trial.

“To power future urban networks leveraging millimetre wave, operators will need to leverage existing city infrastructure such as light poles. Advanced Network Planning identifies light poles with LiDAR data using computer vision. We help network planners identify relevant objects to help build their networks. For example, green identifies a straight line that is likely a light pole, and red identifies what could be the arm of a light pole. ” – Gongue.

In Berlin, the simulation exercise with TDE focused on how to deploy technology on street lights of different types, in order to achieve line-of-sight connectivity. Revealed by Gongue at the recent TIP Summit ’18 – the annual gathering of the Facebook-led Telecom Infra Project (TIP), held in London in mid-October 2018 (Deutsche Telekomwatch, #77), the Facebook executive said the process required just “four hours [of] computer vision and labelling time”, and that it involved excluding a certain type of pole that was “forbidden to deploy on”. There was also a need to remove the possibility of interference between different nodes, as well as to “attune to demand” in a way that could provide greater density where network demands were higher.

The simulation ended up nominating 700 poles, with more than 7,000 line-of-sight links between them. According to Gongue, the Berlin project found around 60% of homes could be “sustained” with wireless, and the rest with fibre. He said this “proved the business case”. No details were provided at the TIP Summit about how TDE might use Facebook’s planning tools for commercial network deployment.

TDE is clearly keen on smart network deployment. In October 2018, the NatCo teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Physical Measurement Techniques (IPM) to apply artificial intelligence (AI) technology to the planning of FTTH rollout (Deutsche Telekomwatch, #76). In a pilot conducted in Bornheim, near Bonn, a measuring vehicle equipped with 360-degree cameras, GPS, and laser scanners was used to collect detailed environmental data. Roughly 5GB of surface data was gathered per kilometre, and then analysed via software developed by Fraunhofer IPM. The software is designed to automatically recognise, localise, and classify relevant objects in the measurement data. AI and machine learning algorithms, again developed by the research institute, are then used to work out the optimal route for laying fibre.

Further, in November 2018, Huawei Technologies announced a localised FTTH contract with TDE purportedly aimed at putting new technology and construction methods through their paces. The project will extend to 3,000 households in the rural Fuldabrück area of Hesse, and will see Huawei provide its Smart Terminal Box, Smart Fibre Access Terminal, Easy Cables, and Smart Optical Network Terminal. A new laying method – possibly related to the micro-trenching technique regularly promoted by DT (Deutsche Telekomwatch, #73 and passim) – will apparently be used in the project, and will reduce the space required for construction work to a ‘minimum‘, since the cable trench is 10cm wide. Construction work is slated to take less than one year, and the first Gigabit connections are scheduled for operation in 2019.

Image: denvit / Pixabay

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